White Papers

White Papers

Forced Aeration Composting

ECS whitepaper providing background and fundamentals of forced aeration composting.

White Papers

Best Management Practice for Composting High Nitrogen Feedstocks

Discover the steps needed to convert high nitrogen feedstocks into a compost mix with minimal odor and maximum decomposition rate.

White Papers

Commercial Food Waste Composting Best Practices

ECS whitepaper outlining key steps for efficiently composting commercial food waste with minimal odor.

White Papers

Biofilter Theory, Design, and Operation

Biofilters provide an important tool for reducing odors and emissions. This paper explains best practices to optimize biofilter performance.

White Papers

Oxygen Solubility in Compost: Odor Technical Guide

UK Environment Tech Guide oxygen solubility as it correlates with temperature

White Papers

Municipal Solid Waste Organics Processing

This is a technical document for communities considering options for processing organic waste and need more detailed, objective technical guidance and reliable information on the available...

White Papers

Manage Food Waste Compost Odour Emissions

Is your composting process beset by an odour emission problem? Don’t worry, Nordic Council of Ministers has financed a study providing practical instructions for food waste composting.

White Papers

Science of Efficient Composting

How acidity of household waste materials increases initial temperatures in composting process, and can have adverse effects in large-scale composting

White Papers

Decomposition Rates with Higher Aeration

Higher pH and faster decomposition in biowaste composting by increased aeration.

White Papers

Odor Measurement Wind Tunnel

Odor sampling: Techniques and strategies for the estimation of odor emission rates from different source types.